What Do The Jewish Holy Days Foreshadow?

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Hi N____,

This is not from the web site, but it does answer your question.

Here are the major Jewish holidays taken from:  https://www.hebcal.com/holidays/2015-2016:

Dates in bold are yom tov, so they have similar obligations and restrictions to Shabbat in the sense that normal “work” is forbidden.

Holiday Dates Description
Rosh Hashana Sep 14-15, 2015 M‑Tu The Jewish New Year
Yom Kippur Sep 23, 2015 W Day of Atonement
Sukkot Sep 28-29, 2015 M‑Tu
Sep 30-Oct 4, 2015 W‑Su
Feast of Tabernacles
Shmini Atzeret Oct 5, 2015 M Eighth Day of Assembly
Simchat Torah Oct 6, 2015 Tu Day of Celebrating the Torah
Chanukah Dec 7-14, 2015 M‑M The Jewish festival of rededication, also known as the Festival of Lights
Purim Mar 24, 2016 Th Purim is one of the most joyous and fun holidays on the Jewish calendar
Pesach Apr 23-24, 2016 Sa‑Su
Apr 25-28, 2016 M‑Th
Apr 29-30, 2016 F‑Sa
Passover, the Feast of Unleavened Bread
Shavuot Jun 12-13, 2016 Su‑M Festival of Weeks, commemorates the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai
Tish’a B’Av Aug 14, 2016 Su The Ninth of Av, fast commemorating the destruction of the two Temples
The Jews now start the new year on the first day of the seventh month instead of the date called for in Lev 23, which I will copy below. But first here is the Wikipedia entry for Rosh Hashana, what the scripture call ‘the feast of trumpets’:

“Rosh Hashanah

“From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For other uses, see Rosh Hashanah (disambiguation).
Rosh Hashanah
Liten askenasisk sjofar 5380.jpg

shofar, symbol of the Rosh Hashanah holiday
Official name Hebrewראש השנה
Also called Jewish New Year
Observed by Judaism and Jews
Type Jewish
Observances Praying in synagogue, personal reflection, and hearing the shofar.
Begins Start of first day of Tishrei
Ends End of second day of Tishrei
2015 date sunset, September 13 –
nightfall, September 15
2016 date sunset, October 2 –
nightfall, October 4

“Rosh Hashanah (Hebrewרֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה‎, literally “head of the year”) is the Jewish New Year. The Biblical name for this holiday is Yom Teruah (Hebrewיוֹם תְּרוּעָה‎, literally “day [of] shouting/raising a noise”) or the Feast of Trumpets. It is the first of the High Holy Days or יָמִים נוֹרָאִים Yamim Nora’im (“Days of Awe”) which usually occur in the early autumn of the Northern Hemisphere. Rosh Hashanah is a two-day celebration, which begins on the first day of Tishrei. Tishrei is the first month of the Jewish civil year, but the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year.

“The day is said to be the anniversary of the creation of Adam and Eve, the first man and woman, and their first actions toward the realization of humanity’s role in God‘s world. Rosh Hashanah customs include sounding the shofar (a hollowed-out ram’s horn) and eating symbolic foods such as apples dipped in honey to evoke a “sweet new year”. (End quote)

Here now is what the scriptures say about the Old Testament festivals:

Lev 23:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Lev 23:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.
Lev 23:3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.
Lev 23:4 These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.
Lev 23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’S passover.
Lev 23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
Lev 23:7 In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
Lev 23:8 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
Lev 23:9 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Lev 23:10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
Lev 23:11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
Lev 23:12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD.
Lev 23:13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.
Lev 23:14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
Lev 23:15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:
Lev 23:16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.
Lev 23:17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD.
Lev 23:18 And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the LORD.
Lev 23:19 Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.
Lev 23:20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.
Lev 23:21 And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
Lev 23:22 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.
Lev 23:23 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Lev 23:24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.
Lev 23:25 Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Lev 23:26 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Lev 23:27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Lev 23:28 And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God.
Lev 23:29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.
Lev 23:30 And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.
Lev 23:31 Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
Lev 23:32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
Lev 23:33 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Lev 23:34 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD.
Lev 23:35 On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
Lev 23:36 Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.
Lev 23:37 These are the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day:
Lev 23:38 Beside the sabbaths of the LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the LORD.
Lev 23:39 Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath.
Lev 23:40 And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.
Lev 23:41 And ye shall keep it a feast unto the LORD seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month.
Lev 23:42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths:
Lev 23:43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.
Lev 23:44 And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the LORD.

I well remember being blown away as a teen to discover when I started taking the Bible Correspondence Course from the World Wide Church of God, that these holy days are a type and shadow of the plan of God for all men.

Here is what these days foreshadow in the exact order in which they are here presented to us here in Leviticus 23:

Passover: The death of The Christ for our sins.

Days of Unleavened Bread: After being cleansed by His blood we begin to put sin out of our lives, but we are “yet carnal” (1Co 3:1-4), and we must wait fifty days, symbolizing grace through faith (The Meaning of the Number Five), as we come to be cleansed to the point of being able to receive the holy spirit on:

Pentecost: The birth of the church. The only holy day where the meat (meal) offering is offered with leaven, telling us that we are still in vessels of clay, bodies of sinful flesh, dying daily.

Feast of Trumpets: The beginning of the judgment that is now on the house of God (1Pe 4:17).

Atonement: The death of our old man symbolized by fasting and denying the flesh. Through this death we are brought to “be raised with Him in newness of life” (Rom 6:1-6), both spiritually as being already resurrected with Christ, and as a type of the literal first resurrection.

Tabernacles: The first resurrection and the thousand year reign of Christ and His Christ.

8th And Last Great Day of the Feast: The second resurrection and the white throne judgment and the salvation of all men:

Joh 7:37 In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink.
Joh 7:38 He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.

As we now know, “He that believeth on  me” will, through the work of the lake of fire, include all who are in Adam (Rom 3:21-22; 1Co 15:22; 1Ti 2:4 and 4:10; 2Pe 3:9 and 1Jo 2:10 etc.)

I hope this is all of some help to you.

YbitC,

Mike

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