Book of Nahum – Part 10 “The Great Grasshoppers”
“The Great Grasshoppers”
by Pete Wilson
Last week we reviewed the spiritual significance of cankerworms and their eventual transformation into moths. After the study there was great input in the discussion to follow that led me to retrace some steps and cover some additional points and have that in the study record for the benefit of all who may be led to read. Romans 1:20 and the truth of how the physical manifestation speaks to the spiritual reality is absolutely true and is utterly amazing when one begins to drill into specifics. So we are going to regroup around these two verses that reference cankerworms and moths before we move on.
Nah 3:15 There shall the fire devour thee; the sword shall cut thee off, it shall eat thee up like the cankerworm: make thyself many as the cankerworm, make thyself many as the locusts.
Nah 3:16 Thou hast multiplied thy merchants above the stars of heaven: the cankerworm spoileth, and flieth away.
The Lord of course is working all things and causes these cankerworms to manifest and multiply within us which represent our works of the flesh and our fornication with this world. We saw in an earlier study the word WORMS [H8438 “tola”] is the same word translated as “scarlet and crimson” and represents the mixture of red (old man Adam) and blue (new man Christ). Similar to the discussion thread on the email list regarding Jonah and the gourd; the Lord works this evil for our good and the end result will be the exposing of our self-exalted state so the Lord can burn it out of us.
Here is a synopsis of the “fall season cankerworm” (there is also a spring season) that reminds us what cankerworms do and their various stages of metamorphosis. Remember we are the trees of the field that bring forth vegetation for the Lord.
The fall cankerworm has four life stages, egg, caterpillar, pupa, moth (adult). The adult male is a small brown moth and the adult female grey, with reduced wings, and unable to fly…… Fall cankerworm tiny caterpillars emerge in the early spring when leaves just begin to open (around late February) and feed immediately. As a tree’s young leaves and buds are destroyed, plants may respond with new buds and leaves. Cankerworms generally don’t kill trees, but this defoliation can drain a tree of some of its energy and may make it weaker.
This is exactly what spiritual cankerworms do to the trees of the field. They eat our vegetation and weaken us and make us weary. This is the burden of Nineveh, the very title of this prophecy. This is the heavy burden and oppressive yoke we bear until our baptism is complete and we enter into the true rest that remains for the people of God “is was and will be” every day of our lives.
The final stage of a cankerworm is a moth that flies away and that is exactly what Nahum prophesies regarding these cankerworms in our heavens in our day of the Lord. They spoil our vegetation we bring forth for the Lord, then fly away and still defile our heavens as we progress through our baptism. These spiritual moths while flying in our heavens do what moths do which is to eat and make holes in our spiritual clothing. This exposes our nakedness, the very purpose the Lord causing us to err from His ways and the moths defiling our garments. The saints of God will not be wearing defiled holey garments; they will be wearing the fine linen given them by enduring through this baptism. As Christ tells us, moths bring corruption versus the purity and cleanliness required by God. When we seek riches, which means knowledge that feeds the pride of our flesh, then those riches will corrupt and the moths will corrupt and spoil our wedding garments. The moths will corrupt and spoil our wedding garments. The moths defile the treasures we lay up upon our earth. Yet we are told to lay up riches IN HEAVEN where the moth’s cannot corrupt them.
Mat 6:19 Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal:
Mat 6:20 But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal:
Iron is associated with the works of the flesh and our carnal state of mind. It is not usable in the service of God. When combined with water (the Word) iron will rust and corrode much like the moths do to clothing. We are told these things to impart spiritual understanding. The Word of God is pure and undefiled. When we are yet carnal, we will mix deep seated beliefs and thoughts that have the appearance of wisdom yet they exalt themselves against the Word. This makes us the adulterers that James says we are while already in the Body of Christ (Jam 4:4). The Lord uses the moths to expose us and eat up our garments of self-righteousness (Isa 64:6) and show us the vanity of using our supposedly godliness for gain.
Psa 39:11 When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.
Moths are similar to the locusts which are false doctrines and lies that blot out the Truth but they do not swarm and are found in far fewer numbers. But as we have been discussing the moths represent a latter point in our maturity in the Lord and manifest when Christ brings the fire needed to make us into doers of the Word after having come into knowledge of the Truth. Moths are the mixing of Truth with our carnal reasoning and this too must be purged via the progressive judgments of the Lord.
The dream is truly one. Moths and worms are all part of the same process of transformation. This is our personal metamorphosis from a carnal sinful man to a spirit led man of Christ bearing fruit and maintaining good works.
Isa 51:7 Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart is my law; fear ye not the reproach of men, neither be ye afraid of their revilings.
Isa 51:8 For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool: but my righteousness shall be forever, and my salvation from generation to generation.
Moths easily creep in and defile our garments when we do not keep watch. Those in the Body with pure doctrines must be vigilant to work out their own salvation with fear and trembling and be like Paul and examine ourselves lest we be found a castaway. Only those with undefiled will walk in white wearing the white raiment of Christ. We must not forget how we have gotten to this point; we must hold fast our confession and DO THE WORD.
Rev 3:3 Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.
Rev 3:4 Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy.
Rev 3:5 He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.
The beast is still sitting on our throne when these moths are defiling and eating our garments.
The man that shows up at this feast not wearing the proper wedding garment (Mat 22:12) is not permitted to stay eating at the Lord’s Table. We must endure to the end and if we are not given to endure our circumcision (in earnest deposit), we will be made uncircumcision. Having been given such great knowledge of the mysteries of the kingdom of God, it is easy for us to not be aware of the worms and moths that can grow unheeded in our heavens and spoil our fruit for God. We best take heed not only to our doctrine but examine our walk often.
2Co 13:5 Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates?
The Lord uses the worms to expose our sinfulness and to humble us via judgment. We are covered with worms, they are our spiritual garments when we are puffed up in our hearts and self-exalted in the congregation of the saints.
Isa 14:11 Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.
Isa 14:12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
Isa 14:13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
Bringing us to our wits end is the work of the worms in their various forms (Job 7:3-5). The cankerworm and the grasshoppers represent the later stages of our judgment necessary to complete the work of the Lord and mature us. When we come to see our inability to be holy and righteous on our own, then and only then does the Lord steps in to save us.
Isa 41:14 Fear not, thou worm Jacob, and ye men of Israel; I will help thee, saith the LORD, and thy redeemer, the Holy One of Israel.
Isa 41:15 Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth: thou shalt thresh the mountains, and beat them small, and shalt make the hills as chaff.
The work of these spiritual bugs is to impede our walk and expose our nakedness which will be used of the Lord to humble us at the appointed times. We have to see that we truly are an “abomination of desolation” defiling the temple of God when we in our self-righteousness are sitting on the throne of our hearts. The Lord hardens our hearts through them to bring the trials of our faith and to teach us patience and usher in our own transformation or transfiguration.
2 Corinthians 3:18: But we all with unveiled face, beholding and reflecting like a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, even as from the Lord Spirit.
With a more complete view of the cankerworm life cycle and spiritual purpose, let’s pick back up with Nahum 3:17 to complete today’s study.
Nah 3:17 Thy crowned are as the locusts, and thy captains as the great grasshoppers, which camp in the hedges in the cold day, but when the sun ariseth they flee away, and their place is not known where they are.
Interesting that again, this word for crowned is only found in Scripture this one time.
H4502, minnezâr, min-ez-awr’
From H5144; a prince: – crowned.
Total KJV occurrences: 1
The two horned religious beast of Revelation 13:11 that looks like a “lamb yet speaks like a dragon” is God’s Elect when we are crowned with our deep seated carnal beliefs and ways. The Lord uses all of this to cause us to separate ourselves from Him and to set up idols in our own heart that are then used to deceive us and hold us in bonds awaiting our day of the Lord (Eze 14:7-9). These idols are the captains or the thoughts that rule and reign over us until the fire comes to purge the heavens within.
Locusts in high numbers (swarms) blot out the Truth and keep us from seeing or understanding the Scriptures. In our days in the apostate churches that represent orthodoxy, the locusts are very many (Rev 9:16) and totally blot out the Truth and eat up any vegetation that may grow.
Exo 10:4 Else, if thou refuse to let my people go, behold, tomorrow will I bring the locusts into thy coast:
Exo 10:5 And they shall cover the face of the earth, that one cannot be able to see the earth: and they shall eat the residue of that which is escaped, which remaineth unto you from the hail, and shall eat every tree which groweth for you out of the field:
So as adulterers and adulteresses (Jam 4:4) in the Body of Christ, we have made our princes that govern in our mind in this self-righteous state as the locusts. It is the same event just at a later time with differing details. Standing in true doctrine, we still mix truth with lies, allowing a little leaven to leaven the whole lump. We have not guarded or kept the gateways into our mind pure and undefiled. We ARE NOT KEEPING WATCH.
Pro 4:23 Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life
Mat 26:41 Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.
The carnal mind left to its innate natural devices will readily depart from following the Lord. The carnal mind will quickly appoint that beast as the captain (the chief grasshopper) and we will unwittingly be led back into the ways of the world and not obey the command to be separated FROM this world within and without. Inwardly this is our tiring of the trials and tribulation of walking a narrow road. The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak yet we must endure to yield the fruit unto salvation.
Gal 6:9 And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.
Our old man aka carnal mind, will seek to hide from this blistering sun and get away from the heat, it is a natural carnal reaction of ALL FLESH. So it is within us even as we move on to maturity.
Num 14:2 And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness!
Num 14:3 And wherefore hath the LORD brought us unto this land, to fall by the sword, that our wives and our children should be a prey? were it not better for us to return into Egypt?
Num 14:4 And they said one to another, Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt.
This is how we can easily turn grace into lasciviousness even after knowing true doctrine and tasting of the heavenly gifts. The deceitfulness of our sin knows no bounds. We are given many examples of Israel falling down and being destroyed for our admonition today so we will learn this admonishment well. We must take heed and beware we do not depart from the living God. That is why we have a BODY and have this frequent fellowship because we must exhort one another daily and we are told why.
Heb 3:10 Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in their heart; and they have not known my ways.
Heb 3:11 So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.)
Heb 3:12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
Heb 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
And if there is one takeaway I want all of us to get from the Nahum study it is this: We must endure; we must strive to the very end. Nobody has arrived.
Heb 3:14 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast unto the end;
The Lord often repeats His Words to us to get our attention and ensure we know the importance of His commandments. Here in Nahum 3:17 we get a double back to back repeated use of the Hebrew word “gob” that is translated as grasshopper.
Nah 3:17 Thy crowned are as the locusts, and thy captains as the great H1462 grasshoppers H1462, which camp in the hedges in the cold day, but when the sun ariseth they flee away, and their place is not known where they are.
The grasshoppers are of great significance and we best take heed and be watchmen on the wall examining ourselves for anything that operates in the kingdom of God within us that is contrary to sound doctrine or the Lord’s commands. Grasshoppers and locusts are nearly identical in the physical but there are some distinct differences.
The main difference is locusts swarm in huge numbers whereas grasshoppers are independent and loners. Locust also has the ability to cover much greater territory where grasshoppers are more localized. This fits well with the progression of our judgment. We have millions of locusts that swarm and block out the sun (Truth) when we are in Babylon and spending time under the influences of the world and its ways. But as we enter the Body, come into sound doctrine, the swarms are gone, we have Truth but we are yet carnal and immature and the Lord still has some things to deal with us and expose deep seated lies and carnal mindedness within us.
Rev 2:4 Nevertheless I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast left thy first love.
Rev 2:5 Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.
Let’s recall the origins and use of this word for grasshopper. The word translated as grasshopper in Nahum is H1462 or “gob”. It is only found three times in Scripture twice in Nahum 3:17 and also in Amos 7:1
Total KJV Occurrences: 3
Here is how H1462 is used in context in Amos 7:1.
Amo 7:1 Thus hath the Lord GOD shewed unto me; and, behold, he formed grasshoppers in the beginning of the shooting up of the latter growth; and, lo, it was the latter growth after the king’s mowings.
So again we see the grasshoppers on the scene later in the maturation process than the locusts. This is something we live out while in the Body of Christ. So we see the grasshoppers within eating the green grass and consuming the immature crop of the land within us.
Amo 7:2 And it came to pass, that when they had made an end of eating the grass of the land, then I said, O Lord GOD, forgive, I beseech thee: by whom shall Jacob arise? for he is small.
Amos discusses with the Lord how Jacob (you and me) shall be saved and given to prosper. Then the Lord reveals the method and shows Amos the plumb line. The Law of Christ is the measuring stick and holding us to that measure via judgment is how Jacob will be prospered and these high places we are making in our heavens with these grasshoppers will be made desolate.
Amo 7:8 And the LORD said unto me, Amos, what seest thou? And I said, A plumbline. Then said the Lord, Behold, I will set a plumbline in the midst of my people Israel: I will not again pass by them any more:
Amo 7:9 And the high places of Isaac shall be desolate, and the sanctuaries of Israel shall be laid waste; and I will rise against the house of Jeroboam with the sword.
Amos 7:1 is merely a continuation of Amos 6 and we see the Lord declaring judgment on those that are in Zion but are at ease. We know Zion represents the Body of Christ and we can see it is those yet carnal that trust in the mountain of the flesh (Samaria) to whom this judgment is declared.
Amo 6:1 Woe to them that are at ease in Zion, and trust in the mountain of Samaria, which are named chief of the nations, to whom the house of Israel came!
We also saw in Part 9 that the root word for H1462 links the grasshoppers to the word husbandmen.
H1461, gûb, goob
A primitive root; to dig: – husbandman.
Total KJV occurrences: 1
This root is only used this once place in 2 King 25:12 and is translated as husbandman.
2Ki 25:12 But the captain of the guard left of the poor of the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen [H1461].
A husbandman is simply an old name for one whose business is to cultivate the ground. Husbandmen dig in the ground and the earth to tend fields and bring forth crops. The word “husbandmen” like all words of Scripture can either be positive or negative. God’s Elect are the Lord’s husbandmen, we are being given the keys to the kingdom of God and are given to tend the fields and bring in the harvest and to drink of the wine and eat of the grapes.
The story of Uzziah, a king of Israel, is a story of us who also are given a love for husbandry.
2Ch 26:9 Moreover Uzziah built towers in Jerusalem at the corner gate, and at the valley gate, and at the turning of the wall, and fortified them.
2Ch 26:10 Also he built towers in the desert, and digged many wells: for he had much cattle, both in the low country, and in the plains: husbandmen also, and vine dressers in the mountains, and in Carmel: for he loved husbandry.
But we get drunk with the vine of the vineyard. We wax fat of the cattle, the dream is one. We get puffed up initially in our work and we use our godliness for gain.
2Ch 26:15 And he made in Jerusalem engines, invented by cunning men, to be on the towers and upon the bulwarks, to shoot arrows and great stones withal. And his name spread far abroad; for he was marvellously helped, till he was strong.
When we are weak, only then are we strong (2 Cor 12:10). But knowledge puffs up and the moths do indeed come and corrupt those riches.
2Ch 26:16 But when he was strong, his heart was lifted up to his destruction: for he transgressed against the LORD his God, and went into the temple of the LORD to burn incense upon the altar of incense.
This first rejected anointed king within us will be completely cut off in the day of the Nahum prophesy and we will see the end of the matter next week in our last verse Lord willing.
It is in these later stages of maturity, where we are walking with sound doctrine in the Body, when the baptism of fire comes to us as Nahum describes. It is here that we have the law of Christ written on our hearts. That comes living through and enduring these fiery trials and having the new man come forth from the death and destruction of our carnal mind.
Jer 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Grasshoppers represent the idols of our hearts, the deep seated beliefs that are not many yet are giants of our carnality and false doctrines that need to be purged. They hide out in hedges and keep out of the sun because the Sun of Righteousness (Mal 4:2) would quickly expose them. When the Sun rises within us, when Christ is resurrected with power, then the grasshoppers flee away and are no longer seen.
Having come through the flood already, we must still come through the fire. It will be like both the days of Noah (water) and the days of LOT (the fire). We are Noah and we too will begin to be “a husbandmen” and plant a vineyard as we wait further instruction and fiery judgment from the Lord as our grasshoppers and our inward nakedness is exposed by the fiery light of the Word.
Gen 9:20 And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard:
Gen 9:21 And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.
The crowned locusts are also the crown of pride that is worn by us, the drunkards of Ephraim, as our outward beauty fades away as these moths, worms and grasshoppers expose our sin and self-righteousness and eat up our clothing and devour the crop.
Isa 28:1 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty is a fading flower, which are on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine!
God’s Elect are these shameful husbandmen who have wasted the fields and allowed these grasshoppers to invade the land and spoil. God’s Elect do this when we seek after our own gain and not that of our brothers and sisters.
Joe 1:10 The field is wasted, the land mourneth; for the corn is wasted: the new wine is dried up, the oil languisheth.
Joe 1:11 Be ye ashamed, O ye husbandmen; howl, O ye vinedressers, for the wheat and for the barley; because the harvest of the field is perished.
Jesus Christ gave us some parables that speak of this same process likened to a husbandman tending to a vineyard of His Master. We will review the Luke version for brevity sake.
Luk 20:9 Then began he to speak to the people this parable; A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far country for a long time.
Our earth is the vineyard and we as a babe in Christ are the husbandmen tasked with tending to the Lord’s crop.
Luk 20:10 And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent him away empty.
In due season, i.e. harvest time, the Lord sends His servants to us asking for the fruit but we do violence to the Word and send the servant away empty as we ourselves have been emptied by these insects and have no lasting fruit to give. The process repeats itself three times with the same result, no fruit and our mistreating His servants (not obeying God 1 Joh 5:3).
Luk 20:11 And again he sent another servant: and they beat him also, and entreated him shamefully, and sent him away empty.
Luk 20:12 And again he sent a third: and they wounded him also, and cast him out.
Finally the Lord sends Christ and His Army that brings the baptism of fire. Certainly we will fear Him when we see Him?
Luk 20:13 Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence him when they see him.
But no, we will go beyond what is written and reason in our heavens that we can keep the old man alive and still honor God and reap the inheritance. We can cloth ourselves, call ourselves by His Name and we get to eat at His altar we will reason.
Luk 20:14 But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir: come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.
So we kill Christ within us and cast lots for His clothing through the lies and vanity of being carnally minded.
Luk 20:15 So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them?
But thankfully, the Lord Himself comes with flaming vengeance to render recompense and take back His temple and His vineyard. The first husbandman is destroyed as are the grasshoppers in the Lord’s fury for His Temple.
Luk 20:16 He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid.
Spiritual grasshoppers hide from the bright sun and hide out in the hedges, the cold places on the mountain. This is where we drift in the Body, we don’t maintain fervent fellowship and we just want to warm ourselves by the fire that is “Christ”. When these great grasshoppers are manifesting in our walk we will seek to separate from the Body because we cannot stand the heat. The spoken Word of Truth is uncomfortable when we harbor ungodly thoughts and actions. Our natural reaction is to begin to separate because “the heat of the sun is uncomfortable”. When the heat of the Word rises up, we as carnal men flee away from that heat.
Isa 33:3 At the noise of the tumult the people fled; at the lifting up of thyself the nations were scattered.
Isa 33:4 And your spoil shall be gathered like the gathering of the caterpiller: as the running to and fro of locusts shall he run upon them.
It is what the carnal man/mind does when the Sun is shining the heat of “that day” upon us. As the tables are turned, these devourers are devoured, the spoilers are spoiled. In the same way the locusts and caterpillars gathered unto us, we shall be gathered back.
It takes a repeated process of falling down and being scourged by the Lord’s grace to purify our heavens. The king of the bottomless pit and his sibling is our beast and neither easily departs and this is all by design of our Maker. When salvation has come to the house of the Lord, there will be no doubt who has done this marvelous thing. Like Jonah we learn this the hard way and are brought to our wits end in the belly of the beast.
Jon 2:9 But I will sacrifice unto thee with the voice of thanksgiving; I will pay that that I have vowed. Salvation is of the LORD.
Jon 2:10 And the LORD spake unto the fish, and it vomited out Jonah upon the dry land.
And like Jonah who was sent to prophesy to Nineveh as was Nahum, we too will be dealt with for our self-righteousness. The Lord will use worms, moths, caterpillars, locusts and grasshoppers in their varied metamorphosis states to accomplish His fury within us and usher in our salvation. This process is, was and will be until the third day and we are in resurrected bodies.
I hope you have been edified and coming to see the Lord’s continued work in us via judgment well after we have come to the knowledge of Truth. The fact is our being dragged to Christ is only the beginning of our day of the Lord not the end. That process of cutting off the old and purifying the heavens and the earth continues to the last day we shed these clay vessels. Paul’s Words have taken on greater significance to me as we abide in the fire that is Christ the Word.
2Ti 4:5 But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry.
2Ti 4:7 I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith:
2Ti 4:8 Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.
And Paul goes on to tell us that not many have remained faithful, even Demas and Titus had forsaken the Body and only Luke is still with him in the one mind of Christ. All this bad stuff we have been studying must be endured. We must keep the faith all the way to the end.
Mat 24:13 But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.
Next week the Book will be complete as we cover the final two verses.
Nah 3:18 Thy shepherds slumber, O king of Assyria: thy nobles shall dwell in the dust: thy people is scattered upon the mountains, and no man gathereth them.
Nah 3:19 There is no healing of thy bruise; thy wound is grievous: all that hear the bruit of thee shall clap the hands over thee: for upon whom hath not thy wickedness passed continually?