Book of Deuteronomy – Introduction

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The Book of Deuteronomy – Introduction

The word Deuteronomy means ‘the second law’ in Greek. Actually Moses is just going over the law again in this book with the Children of Israel. The Hebrew meaning is “the words”, as stated in the first verse.

Deu 1:1  These be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain over against the Red sea, between Paran, and Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, and Dizahab.

It must be pointed out that these laws are being given to Israel on this side the Jordan, before they cross over and START THEIR DESCENT. To cross the Jordan is to descend into the promised land. You would think that they would be ASCENDING not DESCENDING, but the scripture explains why this seems backwards in the following verses;

Eph 4:8  Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.
Eph 4:9  (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?
Eph 4:10  He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)

They had to, and we have to, DESCEND before we can ASCEND, and that is accomplished by the reading of the law to our flesh to show us what we are.

But look at what the definition for Jordan brings out;

H3383-yar-dane’
From H3381; a descender; Jarden, the principal river of Palestine: – Jordan.

And the root H3381;

A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications): –    X abundantly, bring down, carry down, cast down, (cause to) come (-ing) down, fall (down), get down, go (-ing) down (-ward), hang down, X indeed, let down, light (down), put down (off), (cause to, let) run down, sink, subdue, take down.

This is pointed out because once the law of sin is given, their lives will naturally descend. Once you are given the law for the lawless, your life will descend into troubles you never had before. The purpose of this law was not to make anyone righteous but to KILL THEM, to descend them into Gehenna fire.

Heb 10:1  For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.
Heb 10:2  For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.

Rom 7:9  For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.
Rom 7:10  And the commandment, which was ordained to life, I found to be unto death.
Rom 7:11  For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew me.
Rom 7:12  Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.
Rom 7:13  Was then that which is good made death unto me? God forbid. But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that which is good; that sin by the commandment might become exceeding sinful.

Mat 10:26  Fear them not therefore: for there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; and hid, that shall not be known.
Mat 10:27  What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the housetops.
Mat 10:28  And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.

The first reading of the law is to the flesh – outwardly – to show us what we are naturally in the flesh. The second reading is to the spirit, inwardly. The first reading is to the flesh, the second to the heart. That which is natural is first, then that which is spiritual (1Co 15:46). Christ read the law the second time when he had the sermon on the mount in Matthew chapters 5,6 and 7.

However, this is not where we are going to start this book. We need to start from the end to see the beginning. We need to start from what we know to see what we don’t yet know;

Ecc 7:8  Better is the end of a thing than the beginning thereof: and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.

Deu 32:48  And the LORD spake unto Moses that selfsame day, saying,
Deu 32:49  Get thee up into this mountain Abarim, unto mount Nebo, which is in the land of Moab, that is over against Jericho; and behold the land of Canaan, which I give unto the children of Israel for a possession:
Deu 32:50  And die in the mount whither thou goest up, and be gathered unto thy people; as Aaron thy brother died in mount Hor, and was gathered unto his people:
Deu 32:51  Because ye trespassed against me among the children of Israel at the waters of Meribah-Kadesh, in the wilderness of Zin; because ye sanctified me not in the midst of the children of Israel.
Deu 32:52  Yet thou shalt see the land before thee; but thou shalt not go thither unto the land which I give the children of Israel.

Deu 34:1  And Moses went up from the plains of Moab unto the mountain of Nebo, to the top of Pisgah, that is over against Jericho. And the LORD shewed him all the land of Gilead, unto Dan,
Deu 34:2  And all Naphtali, and the land of Ephraim, and Manasseh, and all the land of Judah, unto the utmost sea,
Deu 34:3  And the south, and the plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, unto Zoar.
Deu 34:4  And the LORD said unto him, This is the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, saying, I will give it unto thy seed: I have caused thee to see it with thine eyes, but thou shalt not go over thither.
Deu 34:5  So Moses the servant of the LORD died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the LORD.
Deu 34:6  And he buried him in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Bethpeor: but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day.

Why does Moses’ punishment seem so severe when what he did seemed so inconsequential? He struck the rock to get water out of it, to shut the people up who were complaining AGAIN, that he had brought them out into the WILDERNESS to destroy them. Again they were saying they had all the abundance in Egypt so why bring them to the wilderness where they were going to die. Remember they had a pretty good argument, because none of the original Israelites made it to the promised land. They ALL died in the wilderness!

Num 20:1  Then came the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, into the desert of Zin in the first month: and the people abode in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there.
Num 20:2  And there was no water for the congregation: and they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron.
Num 20:3  And the people chode with Moses, and spake, saying, Would God that we had died when our brethren died before the LORD!
Num 20:4  And why have ye brought up the congregation of the LORD into this wilderness, that we and our cattle should die there?
Num 20:5  And wherefore have ye made us to come up out of Egypt, to bring us in unto this evil place? it is no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, or of pomegranates; neither is there any water to drink.
Num 20:6  And Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they fell upon their faces: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto them.
Num 20:7  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Num 20:8  Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink.
Num 20:9  And Moses took the rod from before the LORD, as he commanded him.
Num 20:10  And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?
Num 20:11  And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also.
Num 20:12  And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.
Num 20:13  This is the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with the LORD, and he was sanctified in them.

So Moses struck the rock instead of just talking to it. Why was that such a sin? Because the Rock he struck was Christ in type. In the negative sense Aaron represents the man of sin that sits upon our temple and governs it by the law. Christ was literally struck by literal priests, and they did so by the law.

1Co 10:4  And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

This is why the punishment was so hard, he struck THE ROCK (CHRIST), he foretold what would happen to THE ROCK and by whom, the priests, using the law, and for whom, to make the people happy. The law cannot make the flesh perfect according to the flesh, and so the fleshly righteousness according to the law cannot enter the spiritual promised land.

But think of what has happened to the people in the flesh. They were taken out of Egypt into the desert to wander around for forty years by their GOD! In this wilderness journey they are hungry, they are thirsty, they are tired, people are swallowed up by the earth and bitten by snakes.  Is this the reason they left Egypt? To know God is to suffer in the flesh, is to deny the flesh over and over and over again.

To truly know God we will suffer much worse than the literal Israelites in the wilderness. If you are known of God, you will ask yourself as the Israelite-Egyptians at heart did, “why do I follow you”. But we are the Elect of God. We are the ones who will lead all of humanity into the doors of the kingdom. Before all that happens, however, we must first descend into the lower parts of our hearts and suffer in the flesh for the world.  If you know God (or if you are known of God), you know that He does not care one iota for the flesh because He made the flesh temporal and sinful. The flesh was LITERALLY made to be taken and destroyed, and it was created a vessel FOR GOD’S WRATH;

Rom 9:22  What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction:
Rom 9:23  And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,
Rom 9:24  Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?

So Moses, the law of the flesh, cannot cross the Jordan. That law of Moses must stay on the other side in the grave with the flesh. The new man must descend across the Jordan into their heart where God’s throne is. It is here we will descend into the lower parts of our hearts, seeing things we never knew exsisted. It is in this place we will fight the nations of our land. It is here we will discover who we are. It is here we will be shown Who our God is and how He chose us before the foundations of the world to be His chosen Elect, who will lead the rest of mankind across the Jordan, so that they can descend before they ascend.

When we start Deuteronomy 1:1 and while we go through this book, may God our Father keep us always focused on these truths: that the law was not given for a righteous man, but for the lawless. The law of the flesh does not descend across the spiritual Jordan, it wrongly ASCENDS into pumping up the flesh and trying to make it righteous by the very law that was given to show us our sins. Righteousness by the law is left on the other side of Jordan in the grave of Moses, probably why Satan was so mad when arguing with Michael the Archangel (the Top Message bearer – Jude 1:9). Satan wanted the body of Moses, which represents the law, to be buried in his house, the valley in the land of Moab against Beth-pe’-or. Which is translated by;

Valley H1516 -Valley with lofty sides,
Moab H4124 – of his father
Bethpeor H1047- House of Peor, made up from H1004 – beth,house and H6465 -Peor, -Moabite deity.

Put these together, and you have Moses’ flesh being buried in the lofty house of his father Peor, the incestous god of the people who came from their mothers’ father. The grave still had a sting because there had been no resurrection.

1Co 15:55  O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?
1Co 15:56  The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.

The Devil still had the power of death.

Heb 2:14  Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
Heb 2:15  And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.

The mountain where Moses went to die was “AbarimH5682 – regions beyond”.

The mount on Abarim where Moses actually died was “NeboH5015 – a Babylonian deity in Moab”. These meanings just confirm that Moses flesh could not enter the type and figure of the promised land, being made righteous without the law by the faith of Christ. Moses, along with all those who died before the resurrection, must still go through the lake of fire in the second resurrection.

The voice of the Archangel could not be heard by the Devil because Christ had not been resurrected yet.

1Th 4:14  For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him.
1Th 4:15  For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep.
1Th 4:16  For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:
1Th 4:17  Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.

All of this is important before we start Deuteronomy 1:1 because we must understand why Moses is giving the law a second time, why he is not going over the Jordan, and why we must see the symbolism in all these lives, names and people.